Katanga Plateau Map – The Lualaba flows tightly within the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It provides the largest stream flow to the Congo River, and the source of the Congo is identified as the Chambeshi. The Lualaba is 1,800 kilometers (1,100 miles) long. Its headwaters are in the southeastern corner of the country near Musofi and Lubumbashi in Katanga Province, close to Zambia’s Copper Belt.
The source of the Lualaba River is on the Katanga Plateau, at an altitude of 1,400 meters (4,600 ft) above sea level. The river flows north to d near Kisangani, where the name Congo River officially begins. From the Katanga Plateau it falls, with waterfalls and rapids marking the descent, to the Manika Plateau. It descends through the upper Upemba Storm (Kamalondo Umar), 457 meters (1,499 feet) in 72 kilometers (45 miles). Near the Nzilo Falls is a dam for hydroelectric power at the Nzilo Dam.
Katanga Plateau Map
At Bukama in Haut-Lomami District, the river is navigable for about 640 kilometers (400 mi) through a series of marshy lakes in the lower Upemba Depression, including Lake Upemba and Lake Kisale. Ankoro is situated on the west bank of the Lualaba River, opposite its confluence with the Luva River from the east. Some geographers call the river joined at this point the “Upper Congo”.
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Below Kongolo the river becomes unnavigable as it crosses the narrow beach of Portes d’fer (Gates of Hell). Between Kasongo and Kibombo the river is navigable for about 100 kilometers (62 miles) before the rapids make it unnavigable again between Kibombo and Kindu (Port-Empain). From Kindu to the Boyoma waterfall at Ubundu, the stream is again navigable for more than 300 kilometers. Boyoma Falls or Stanley Falls are a series of cataracts, over a 100 kilometer (62 mi) stretch of river, between Ubundu and Kisangani. The d of the river is marked after the seventh cataract, near Kisangani, where it becomes the Congo River.
The Lualaba River serves as the northern and western boundary of the Upemba National Park and protects habitats on the Kibara Plateau in Katanga Province in the southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Lualaba River was once considered a possible source of the Nile, until Hry Morton Stanley traveled down there and proved that it drained into the Atlantic Ocean.
Stanley referred to him as the Livingstone. “If Livingstone does not speak of the river at Nyangwe as the Lualaba, I must quote the word only as a corruption from the Waguha of the term Wya Lu-al-ow-wa…” This article requires further citations for verification . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced content can be challenged and removed. Find sources of guidance Katanga Province” – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2021) (Learn how and who to remove this template message)
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Coordinates: 11°08′S 27°06′W / 11.133°S 27.100°E / -11.133; 27.100 Coordinates: 11°08′S 27°06′E / 11.133°S 27.100°E / -11.133; 27. 100
A specimen of malachite showing the original botroidal form and a polished face of the other half of the specimen. Mines in the vicinity of Kolwezi supply much of the polished grade malachite in the world.
Katanga was one of the four major provinces created in 1914 in the Belgian Congo. It was one of the eleven provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1966 and 2015, which was divided into the Tanganyika, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba and Haut-Katanga provinces. Between 1971 and 1997 (during the reign of Mobutu Sese Seko, the Congo was called Zaire), its official name was Shaba Province.
The territory of Katanga consisted of 497,000 square kilometers (49,700,000 ha). There is farming and ranching on the Katanga Plateau. The east of the province is considered a rich mining region, providing cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium and diamonds. The former capital of the region, Lubumbashi, is the second largest city in Congo.
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Copper mining in Katanga dates back more than 1,000 years, and mines in the region were producing standard copper ingots for international transport by the 10th century CE.
In the 1890s, the province was relieved in the south by Cecil Rhodes of Northern Rhodesia, and in the north by the Belgian Congo, the personal possession of King Leopold II of Belgium. Msiri, the king of Katanga, stood against both, but in reality Katanga was subjugated by the Belgian Congo.
After 1900, the Societe Gerale de Belgique exercised practical control over all mining in the province through the Union Minière du Haut Katanga (UMHK). These included uranium, radium, copper, cobalt, zinc, cadmium, germanium, manganese, silver, gold and tin.
In 1915 a deposit of pitch and other uranium minerals of a higher grade than had ever been found anywhere in the world and higher than has since been found in Shinkolobwe was discovered. UMHK kept the discovery confidential. After the First World War, a factory was built at Ol; Secrecy was lifted in 1922 when the production of the first gram of radium from the blde field was announced.
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By the start of World War II, the mining companies were “a state in the Belgian Congo”. Shinkolobwe Mine near Jadotville (now Likasi) was the site of the Manhattan Project.
Desire of Shinkolobwe. The uranium for the Manhattan Project and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki came from the Shinkolobwe mine.
In 1960, after the Democratic Republic of the Congo (known as the Republic of the Congo) gained independence from Belgium, the UMHK, Moise Tshombe and Godefroid Munongo supported the separation of Katanga Province from the Congo. Belgium supported it, but Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba opposed it. This led to the assassination of Lumumba and the Katanga Crisis (or “Congo Crisis”), which lasted from 1960 to 1965. The breakaway state of Katanga existed from 1960 to 1963.
Militias such as Mai Mai Kata Katanga led by Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga fought for the secession of Katanga, and his group briefly occupied the provincial capital Lubumbashi in 2013.
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Cobalt mining by individual contractors is also common. Various reasons have been advanced for the failure of the province’s great mineral wealth to raise the overall standard of living. The local province’s budget in 2011 was US$440 million.
Lubumbashi, the mining capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a hub for many of the country’s largest mining companies. The Democratic Republic of the Congo produces “more than 3 percent of the world’s copper and half of its cobalt, most of which comes from Katanga”.
The province shared a border with Angola and established the Congolese base border with Zambia. There was also a border with Tanzania – albeit on Lake Tanganyika rather than land. Katanga has a wet and dry season. Rainfall is about 1,200 mm (49 inches).
The province was divided into five successor provinces in 2015, based on the then districts of Katanga:
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The University of Lubumbashi, located in the north of the city of Lubumbashi, is the largest university in the province and one of the largest in the country.
TESOL, the Green Language School in Lubumbashi, is a secondary school serving the expatriate community. It was founded in 1987 on the site of Scoil Frch, Lycée Français Blaise Pascal, which suspended operations in 1991 with a new Scoil Frch starting in 2009.
Katanga province has the highest infant mortality rate in the world, with an estimated 184 out of 1000 children dying before the age of five.
The Congo Railway provides a limited rail service to Katanga Province on Lubumbashi. Reliability is limited. Lubumbashi International Airport is located northeast of Lubumbashi. In April 2014, a railway train killed 63 people. The Democratic Republic of the Congo has an area of 2,345,409 square km in Central Africa. It is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa.
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The physical map above shows the country of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the vast expanse of the Congo Rainforest, the second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon. Most of the central and western part of the country is part of the Congo Basin, the Congo River system is the second largest river in Africa. The Congo River is 4,398 km long. This area of the DRC is surrounded by plateaus that blend with savannas in the south and southwest, by mountain terraces in the west, and by dense grasslands that span the Congo River in the north. In the east, the land rises to a plateau with a height of more than 1,524 m and then into the higher glacial and volcanic mountains of the Great Rift Valley. To the southeast, the land rises in the peaks of the Shaba plateau.
The highest point of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is marked on the map with an orange triangle. Mt. Stanley at 5, 110m; the lowest point in the country is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).
As seen on the map, there are several lakes in front of the country’s eastern borders, including Lakes Albert, Edward, Kivu, Mweru and Tanganyika.
DRC is divided into 25 provinces. In addition, the capital Kinshasa is treated as equivalent to a province. So the 26 provinces in the country are as follows in alphabetical order: Bas-Uele (Lower Uele), Equatorial, Haut-Katanga (Upper).
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