Map Of Italy Wine Regions – Here’s your ultimate primer on Italian wine. Whether you’re new to learning wine or an expert looking to learn the basics, bookmark this page as a quick reference.
European labels are hard to read, especially from Italy. A few basic terms will help you understand the effect of language on your bottle.
Map Of Italy Wine Regions
. This is the best classification of Italian wines. Strict regulations govern all aspects of production. These include where the grapes can be grown, what varieties are allowed and how the wine is aged. There are 74 DOCGs in Italy, the last addition of which was made in 2011.
Wine Regions Map
. A step below DOCG. Regulations govern production and style, but are not as strict as DOCGs. There are 334 DOCs in Italy, with the latest additions approved in mid-2017.
. Introduced in 1992, this classification allows winemakers to use grapes and artisanal styles not permitted by DOC and DOCG regulations. There are currently 118 IGTs in Italy.
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Classico: Designates the wines of the region (i.e. Chianti Classico) considered to be the original production area.
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Americans love Italian wines for their variety of styles, protection of local varieties, food convenience, and often great value. Romantic scenery doesn’t hurt the Italian brand either. Although there are endless views of Italian wine, this comprehensive overview of the country’s 20 regions starts with ordering from north to south.
This mountainous region on the northwest border with France and Switzerland does not produce much wine. Very few of them make it to the US. The region’s focus is red wine, with Nebbiolo and Pinot Nero as the main grapes, as well as the lesser-known Petit Rouge and Prie Blanc.
Located in northwestern Italy, Piedmont lies at the foot of the western Alps. The climate is influenced by the cold mountain climate and the Mediterranean balm. This creates perfect growing conditions for Nebbiolo, the black grape that produces the region’s most famous Barolo DOCG and Barbaresco DOCG wines. Two other red grapes, Barbera and Dolcetto, are also popular and well-liked for their lower prices and suitability for short drinking.
White wines in Piedmont are less common, but don’t overlook the Cortese and Arneis grapes. The former is the sole grape in the Gavi DOCG and the latter is flourishing in the Roero DOCG. Even those who love ordinary wine know the light sparkling and sweet sparkling Moscato d’Asti wine made in Asti DOCG.
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This small coastal region between France and Tuscany along the Mediterranean Sea focuses mainly on white wine. Dry whites made from Vermentino and Pigato make up the bulk of US exports. The main red is the fruity, aromatic Rossese found in the Dolceacqua DOC.
Located in north-central Italy, Lombardy has some of the country’s most beautiful lakes. The cooling effect of the Alps makes it a sparkling wine haven. Franciacorta DOCG, along Lake Iseo, is one of the leaders
(traditional method) wines made from Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco and Pinot Nero from Italy. For red wines, Nebbiolo is the main grape in Valtellina Rosso DOC, Valtellina Superiore DOCG and Sforzato di Valtellina DOCG.
Home of the magnificent Dolomites, Trentino-Alto Adige is a blend of Italian and Austro-Hungarian influences. A unique crop of grapes ripens in this sunny, high mountain area. For reds, Pinot Nero, Schiava and Lagrein are popular. For whites, Pinot Grigio rules. Chardonnay is also popular, especially as a traditional method sparkling wine from the Trento DOC.
Italy Wine Region Map Details Variety Of Wines Found Across Italy
Rich in history, beauty and wine, Veneto offers a wide variety of grapes and styles thanks to its many microclimates. Check out her natural silhouette. It boasts the Alps to the north, Lake Garda to the west, and the Adriatic Sea to the southeast.
Although Veneto produces many historic wines, it is the volume of Pinot Grigio and the demand for Prosecco that make it famous. Excellent versions of the latter come from Conegliano Valdobbiadene DOCG and Cartizze DOCG. The red wines of Valpolicella DOC and Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG are based mainly on the black grape Corvina, as well as the rosé and red wines of Bardolino DOC. To the east of Verona, Garganega Soave is the main white grape of the DOC, while Trebbiano dominates the white wines of the Lugana DOC on the southern shores of Lake Garda.
In the northeastern corner bordering Austria and Slovenia, the landscape of Friuli juxtaposes the Alps and the Adriatic coastal plain. The unique climate provides optimal conditions for white and red grape varieties.
More than 75% of the production is white wine, with a focus on Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Ribolla Gialla and Friulano. The reds of Merlot, Refosco and Schioppettino are excellent, if less well known.
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Emilia-Romagna, considered the country’s food capital, is also a wine producer. The region is famous for Lambrusco, a sparkling red wine. Trebbiano, a white grape, is another major player.
Tuscany is located in central Tuscany on the west coast along the Tyrrhenian Sea, and stretches inland with villages. For reds, its most popular Sangiovese wines are Chianti, Chianti Classico, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Brunello di Montalcino DOCGs. Many wines are labeled as Toscana IGT because they do not follow traditional production rules. These wines can be 100% Sangiovese or a blend of international varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah. The most popular appellation for whites is Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG.
This small area of central Italy east of Tuscany is always in the shadow of its neighbor. But this hilly landscape, surrounded by the snowy Apennines, produces intelligent, age-worthy reds from Sagrantino de Montefalco DOCG. The companion white, Grechetto, is dry, crisp and ready to be enjoyed in its youth.
, located on the east coast of central Italy. It is a Rosso Cônero DOC house based on the Montepulciano black grape.
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Lazio is the capital of Rome and has a rich wine heritage. The area is known for its easy-drinking, young white population. While excellent wine is produced here, the leading exports are the dry and crisp styles of Frascati DOC and Orvieto DOC on the Umbrian border.
Next to Lazio on the Adriatic side, Abruzzo is a mountainous region rich in ancient winemaking traditions. Abruzzo is the fifth largest producer, not to be confused with the Sangiovese-focused region of Tuscany, primarily known for Montepulciano grapes. Montepulciano d’Abruzzo DOC is the regional name for red wines made from the grape, while Cerasuolo d’Abruzzo DOC is the name for rosé wines from the same region. Trebbiano d’Abruzzo DOC is the main white grape of the region.
Beneath Abruzzo lies the small Molise, a mountainous region in south-central Italy. The region is mainly known for Trebbiano and Montepulciano from Biferno DOC.
Famous for Naples and the Amalfi Coast, Campania wines are gaining popularity in the U.S., especially volcanic wines. For reds, the most popular are Taurasi DOCG and Aglianico del Taburno DOCG, both based on the Aglianico red grape. For whites, the most popular are Fiano di Avellino DOCG and Greco di Tufo DOCG, based on Fiano and Greco respectively.
Italy Wine Regions And Grape Varieties Minimalist Map 13 X
Located in the south of Italy, Basilicata’s wine production is smaller than the more famous regions. A mostly landlocked, mountainous region surrounded by a shoe belt, it is surrounded by Campania to the west and Puglia to the east. Although it has several DOCs, the most famous is Aglianico del Vulture, which is based on the full-bodied black grape Aglianico.
This southern region has gained popularity for its well-priced wines based on local grapes. The warm Mediterranean climate lends itself to ripe, fruity, robust reds based on Primitivo (aka Zinfandel) and Negroamaro.
Located on the southwest coast of Italy, Calabria lies between the Ionian and Tyrrhenian seas and is separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina. The wines reflect the coastal climate. House of Cirò DOC in Calabria, it produces reds based mainly on the tannic Gaglioppo grape. A small amount of white wine is produced from a blend of Greco Bianco and Montonico Bianco.
The dry, warm climate and abundant sunshine of Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, are perfect for viticulture. There are fruity, medium-bodied reds from Nero d’Avola and juicy, peachy whites from Grillo, the most prolific Sicilian DOC. In the south, Nero d’Avola is blended with Frappato for Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG. The red grape Nerello Mascalese and the white grape Carricante produce the sought-after wines from the Etna DOC. Marsala DOC is a fortified wine from the west.
Italy’s 20 Wine Regions And What To Drink Where
This Mediterranean island is better known for its beaches and Pecorino cheese than for its wine, but now more producers than ever are exporting to the US. Wines to look for include Cannonau, the local name for Grenache, and Carignano or Carignan. The salty, floral Vermentino hails from the Northeast.
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